One of the most progressive businesses in the Philippines is the chicken broiler production. This was ultimately shifted to a more integrated system in terms of farming operations. This article will guide you on how to start your own poultry farm business.
I. Estimated Investment Cost
II. Selection of Stock to Raise
Before you purchase the stock, make sure that the hatchery or dealer is reliable. This means that the parent stocks are well raised and managed.
Consider these as your qualifications before you select the stocks. It must be dry, has fluffy feathers, bright eyes, alert and active in appearance, free from diseases and abnormalities; chicks should have uniform size and color and should be less than 33g at day- old in a broiler.
Select the chicks with high liveability and are fast growers.
III. Rearing of the Day-Old Chicks
Make sure your chicken coop is conducive among the chicks; provide artificial heat to keep them warm both day and night. Do not change the heat’s temperature during the first two weeks.
The reason why some chicks have poor growth is overcrowding. You must provide enough space for them. A good light and ventilation encourage them to start feeding and prevent them from getting respiratory diseases.
Research shows that chicks can utilize the nutrients when using intermittent feeding, nevertheless, do not allow their food troughs to go empty for more than 1-2 hours. Make sure you feed them with good quality feeds.
Keep the pen clean and dry to prevent contamination from parasites and diseases among the chicks.
Removal of brooder canopy, slamming doors of brooder houses, or the presence of drafts can cause the chicks a certain degree of stress. A regular caretaker must have a definite schedule when feeding the chicks, especially in the first three weeks.
Feeds and fresh water or fresh water with vitamins, minerals, and antibiotic supplements should be always available in food troughs. Consult a feed dealer for the best recommendation.
Make sure the chicks are in good condition before you take a rest at night.
Dispose immediately of those weak and sickly chicks to avoid harming others.
To avoid flies and rats, bury or burn dead birds. This forms part of your sanitary program.
IV. Rearing of the Growing Stock
The broilers can be sold when they reach 45-60 days old.
Anti-stress drugs are given, mixed in food or in drinking water, 2-5 days before and after they are delivered in growing houses.
A good weather is advised when transferring your birds in growing houses. Make sure the house is well-cleaned and disinfected to avoid contamination of diseases.
Low appetite begins when summer comes. In order to solve this, give wet mash feeding or by spraying the roof with water to lessen the house temperature.
Chickens had the ability to maintain its normal temperature. However, the ambient temperature should be within their limits. It is necessary to provide them with good housing and proper care.
Broiler house should run from east to west to prevent too much exposure from sunlight. Also, check your ventilation. At least 1 square foot of floor space per bird is advised.
Elevate the housing by 1.5m from the ground to provide good ventilation and an easy way to clean up feces underneath.
It is advisable that the house should be well -constructed to protect birds away from rats, cats, snakes and other animals.
You can plant some trees to provide shading during the hot season.
Check the roofing, air must circulate inside the broiler house.
Clean the house thoroughly with high-pressure water to remove waste materials. More importantly, you must disinfect the house to avoid contamination of bacteria and diseases.
VI. Location Requirements and Recommended Layout for Poultry Farms
It must be located outside urban areas with 25 m. radius away from sources of ground drinking water.
For medium and large business, it should be at least 1,000 m. away from built-up houses while 500 m. away for small-scale farms.
VII. Feeding Management
During the first 5 weeks, give them the broiler-commercial rations and eventually replaced it with broiler-finisher ration.
At the first 8 weeks of the chicks, feed them with all-purpose straight broiler rations.
The commercial broiler feeds contain an additive that makes the broilers’ production become more profitable and prevents them from getting diseases.
VIII. Health Management
Always consider a veterinarian as form part of your investment to ensure the health of your broilers. These are essential to produce broilers of good quality: proper management, good sanitation, and effective vaccination program.
Decide your target market before venturing into the broiler business. Consider marketing arrangements with local hotels, restaurants, cafeterias, institutional buyers, and grocery stores as your potential buyers/customers.
Study the behavioral pattern of other producers and compare your selling price. Make sure to maintain a reasonable price.
After you choose your target market, decide how to sell your chicken at a higher profit—dressed or live?
Broilers weighing 1.6-1.9 kg is ready to sell.
X. Estimated Income per Batch (42-45 days)
- Net of 4% mortality rate
- Based on DA-BAI figures as of Feb 2, 2009
XI. Ecological Implications
Environmental risks become high, therefore proper waste management should be monitored, and gas emissions from animals’ wastes should properly care.
In poultry enterprises, chicken manure can be converted into organic fertilizers or fish feed alternative. Gases, on the other hand, produced by such enterprises, include ammonia, carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide of which except methane, contribute to global warming.
Truthfully, the livestock enterprises are largely increased over the years. For this reason, the research is thoroughly developing technology for converting such waste products into biogas and organic fertilizers.
XII. Registration Requirements
1. Business Name Registration
Register your business and its location in the office of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), valid only for 5 years.
2. Barangay Clearance
Go to the office of the barangay and get your clearance.
3. Mayor’s Permit and License / Sanitary Permit
Secure your mayor’s permit and license in the municipal hall, valid only for 1 year.
4. Tax Identification Number (TIN)
Go to the office of the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) and get your TIN.
5. Environmental Compliance Certificate
Visit the nearest office of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) in your area and get your certificate.
Agricultural Credit Policy Council (ACPC)
28/F, One San Miguel Avenue Building
San Miguel Avenue, Ortigas Center Pasig City
Telephone Nos.: 634.3326 / 634.3320 to 21
Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP)
Head Office: 1598 M. H. Del Pilar Cor. Dr. J. Quintos Sts.
Telephone Nos.: 522.0000 / 551.2200
Development Bank of the Philippines (DBP)
Head Office: Sen. Gil J. Puyat Avenue Cor. Makati Avenue
Telephone No.: 818.9511 (connect to SME Department)
XIV. Technical Assistance
Department of Agriculture
Bureau of Animal Industry (DA-BAI)
Visayas Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City
Telephone No.: (632) 926.6883
Fax No.: 927.0971
Technology Resource Center (TRC)
TRC Building,103 J. Abad Santos cor. Lopez Jaena Sts.,
Little Baguio, San Juan City (Near corner Wilson Street)
Telephone No.: (632) 727.6205
Philippine Association of Broiler Integrators, Inc. (PABI)
c/o San Miguel Foods, Inc.
18/F, JMT Building, ADB Avenue, Ortigas Center, Pasig City
Telephone No.: 634.1010
Download here the Manual on Chicken/Poultry Raising Guide.
Source: www.dti.gov.ph, Oct 2009. ldc.da.gov.ph
BUREAU OF MICRO, SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT (BMSMED)
5/F, Trade and Industry Building
361 Sen. Gil J. Puyat Ave. Makati City
Tel. Nos.: (02) 897.1693 / 897.7596 / 890.4968
Fax No.: (02) 896.7916
Email: [email protected]